Welcome to an online post especially for you to help you with your work whilst we are in Iceland. You will be starting your first major case study of this module, the focus is on coastal erosion and management, and the area is Holderness in East Yorkshire. This is one of the most rapidly eroding coastlines in the UK, and can retreat as fast as 2m a year. The stretch of coastline you will be studying runs from Flamborough Head in the North, to Spurn Point i the South, the sediment underlying much of Yorkshire is Glacial till, and there are high grounds to the West which mark the western limit of Ice sheets during the last ice age.
This is an excerpt from a geography revision forum on the topic:
- Coastal erosion - Holderness coast, Yorkshire. Tip: Remember the shape of the coastline as the man with a beard
- Main rock is boulder clay so cliffs are unstable. Other main rock is chalk
- Cliffs retreat by 2m a year
- 50 villages that exist during the medieval times are lost today
- 5 km of land already lost
- Major features (in order from north to south) – Flamborough Head, Holderness Coast and Spurn Head
- The Great Debate – Protect Mappleton/ B 1242?
- Problem: Protecting an area of land always mean greater pressure and coastal erosion on neighbouring stretches of coast
FOR Build rock groyne - trap sand at Mappleton - southern coast and farms destroyed
- One example would be Sue Earl, a farmer in Great Cowden. Although she had lost a lot of land every year, she was determined to keep the farm running. Eventually the sea will claim the whole farm so she had to give up, especially when the farmhouse went too.
A new development is that permission has been given for a huge offshore wind farm just offshore from Spurn
- Watch the video on Holderness and Spurn Head
- Read the module booklet pages 48 to 54
- Complete the side of the sheet with the map on it.
- On the reverse, make bullet point notes on considerations for coastal management split into the four categories (Social, Economic, Political, Environmental) we will add to these when I return.
- Answer the past paper questions on pages 55 and 56 for me to take in next Tuesday